M. Cipek, J. Deur, J. Petrić

Bond Graph Modeling and Power Flow Analysis of Series-Parallel HEV Transmissions

Int. Journal of Powertrains, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 396-419, 2012.
The bond graph method is used to model kinematics and dynamics of various one-mode and two-mode series-parallel configurations of hybrid electric vehicle transmissions. The bond graph method is also employed to analyze the power flow of the considered transmissions in electric variator and full hybrid operating modes. The analysis is illustrated by numerical static curves related to the maximum transmission output torque for a wide range of vehicle velocities.