J. Deur, J. Asgari, D. Hrovat
A 3D Brush-type Dynamic Tire Friction ModelVehicle System Dynamics, Vol. 42, No. 3, pp. 133-173, 2004
The use of advanced dynamic friction models can improve the brush-type tire friction models. The paper presents a 3D dynamic brush model based on the LuGre friction model. The model describes the dynamics of longitudinal and lateral tire friction forces, as well as the self aligning torque dynamics. It has been originally derived in a distributed-parameter form, and then transformed to a simpler lumped-parameter form with only three internal states. Both uniform and non-uniform normal pressure distributions are considered. The model has analytical solution for steady-state conditions. The steady-state behavior is validated with respect to "magic" formula static model, which served as an "ideal" benchmark. The lumped model dynamic behavior is validated by comparing its time-responses with original distributed model responses. The model parameterization with respect to normal force and other tire/road parameters is considered as well.