M. Čorić, J. Deur, L. Xu, H. E. Tseng, D. Hrovat

Optimisation of Active Suspension Control Inputs for Improved Performance of Active Safety Systems

Vehicle System Dynamics, Vol. 56, No. 1 pp. 1-26, 2017.
A collocation-type control variable optimisation method is used to investigate the extent to which the fully active suspension (FAS) can be applied to improve the vehicle electronic stability control (ESC) performance and reduce the braking distance. First, the optimisation approach is applied to the scenario of vehicle stabilization during the sine-with-dwell manoeuvre. The results are used to provide insights into different FAS control mechanisms for vehicle performance improvements related to responsiveness and yaw rate error reduction indices. The FAS control performance is compared to performances of the standard ESC system, optimal active brake system and combined FAS and ESC configuration. Second, the optimisation approach is employed to the task of FAS-based braking distance reduction for straight-line vehicle motion. Here, the scenarios of uniform and longitudinally or laterally non-uniform tyre-road friction coefficient are considered. The influences of limited ABS actuator bandwidth and limit-cycle ABS behaviour are also analyzed. The optimisation results indicate that the FAS can provide competitive stabilization performance and improved agility when compared to the ESC system, and that it can reduce the braking distance by up to 5% for distinctively non-uniform friction conditions.