J. Deur, B. Škugor, M. Cipek

Integration of Electric Vehicles into Energy and Transport Systems

Proc. of 34th Conference on Automation in Transportation 2014, Invited paper, pp. 1-16, Dubrovnik, Croatia, 2014.
There is a strong tendency of development and application of different types of electric vehicles (EV). This can clearly be beneficial for transport systems in terms of making it more efficient, cleaner, and quieter, as well as for energy systems due to the grid load leveling and renewable energy sources exploitation opportunities. The latter can be achieved only through application of smart EV charging technologies that strongly rely on application of effective optimization methods. For the development of both EV architectures and controls and charging optimization methods, it is important to gain the knowledge about driving cycle features of a particular EV fleet. To this end, the paper presents an overview of electric vehicle architectures, modeling, and control system optimization and design; experimental characterization of vehicle fleet behaviors and synthesis of representative driving cycles; and aggregate-level modeling and charging optimization for EV fleets, with emphasis on freight transport.